EC Index Number
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour
H319 Causes severe eye irritation
P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, P233 sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. Do not smoke.
P233 Container tightly closed.
P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilation/lightning] equipment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/Wear ear plugs.
P305+P351+P338 IN CONTACT WITH THE EYES: Rinse gently with water for a few minutes. Remove any contact lenses if possible. Continue rinsing.
+49 (0) 761 19240 (Poisoning Information Centre Freiburg)
Ethanol has a wide range of applications. The main quantity today is likely to be blended with conventional fuels as fuel ethanol. Ethanol is consumed in the production of alcoholic beverages. In cosmetics as a carrier for odorous substances (perfume, deodorant, fragrance spray). In medicine as a disinfectant. Many liquid medicines contain ethanol as a solvent, as the active substances do not dissolve in water itself. Ethanol is thus an important carrier substance in the production of herbal medicines. In the household as a cleaning agent for glass, for example. In the car, we use ethanol in the form of windscreen antifreeze in winter as a cleaning and antifreeze agent. As fuel in the fireplace, as grill lighter or in fuel pastes. In the chemical industry as an intermediate product. An important downstream product is ethyl chloride, which is produced from ethanol by reaction with hydrogen chloride. The oxidation yields other secondary products such as acetaldehyde and acetic acid.
Characteristic depending on quality and denaturant
pH value (10g/l, H₂O, 20°C)
6,5 – 7,5
Melting point/freezing point
Vapour pressure at 19,6°C
Density at 20°C
Viscosity, dynamic at 20°C
Transport hazard class
3 Flammable liquid substances